April’s official birthstone, diamonds were believed to be fragments of stars, tear drops of the gods and to possess magical qualities and powers far beyond the understanding of common man. Legend has it that Europeans first discovered African diamonds in a Shaman’s leather pouch who used them as other Shamans of the world used quartz crystals.

The diamond is an ancient symbol of the perfected man whose divine spirit shines forth. As the rough diamond is dull and lifeless when first removed from the earth, the spiritual nature in its “earthly” state reveals little of its inherent luminosity. In the hands of a skillful lapidary artist, the diamond is transformed into a sparlkling gem from whose facets pour out streams of rainbow colored fire, and upon the lathe of the Divine Lapidary, the spirit of man is ground and polished until it reflets the glory of its Creator in every atom.

The Greek word “adamas”, meaning unconquerable and indestructible, is the root of the word diamond. Diamonds were worn because they were thought to give a person strength, invincibility, courage, and magical powers over the dark side of ┬álife.

A beautiful diamond looks the way it does because of three optical effects: white light reflections called brightness, flashes of color called fire, and areas of light and dark called scintillation. Together, these factors give the diamond life and determine its visual appeal.

Diamonds are the hardest of all gemstones and can only be cut with another diamond. Although the diamond rush began in 1869 with the Star of South Africa, diamonds are found all over the world . Most recently, large deposits in Canada and especially in Australia with its smaller stones, have changed the diamond industry, making diamonds more accessable and offering a wider consumer base.

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